In 2005, road traffic injuries resulted in an estimated 110,000 deaths, 2.5 million hospitalizations and economic losses of about 3% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in India. If the current trend continues, India will witness the deaths of 200,000 people and more than 3.5 million hospitalizations annually by 2015. Nearly 10–30% of hospital registrations are due to road traffic injuries and a majority of these people have varying levels of disabilities. The majority of victims of road traffic injuries are men in the age group of 15–44 years and belong to the poorer sections of society. Head trauma is present in the majority (76%) of patients and severe head injuries account for 47% of all patients with head injury. Traumatic brain injuries are a leading cause of morbidity, mortality, disability and socioeconomic losses in India.