Uganda has an estimated road traffic death rate of 28.9 deaths per 100,000 population (approximately 9,655 deaths per year), one of the highest in Africa. An estimated 2.9% of the country’s GDP is lost due to road traffic collisions; average damage costs per vehicle US$ 2,290, average fatality cost US$ 8,600 and average injury costs US$ 1,933.
Prospective data on injury-related visits at Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kampala, was collected by the Injury Control Centre, Uganda. 3,481 records were analysed and it was found that of those patients who died of trauma in hospital 75% had head injury. Furthermore, RTIs accounted for 49% of total injuries, and were the most common cause of mortality in trauma patients.